The Land Transport Act was enacted on 8 December 1998 and its provisions have been amended several times since.

The Land Transport Act sets out the legislative framework for land transport regulation and safety. Specifically, the legislation:

  • establishes the primary responsibilities for participants in the land transport system (for example, the requirement to hold a driver licence when driving a motor vehicle on a road, a prohibition on exceeding specified alcohol limits when driving, a prohibition on overloading heavy vehicles)
  • sets out the requirements of the driver licensing regime (this includes the period of validity of a driver licence, the minimum age for holding a driver licence, and the requirements of a photographic driver licence)
  • provides offences, penalties, and enforcement powers (for example, offences and penalties involving drink driving, enforcement powers of the Police)
  • contains administrative and miscellaneous provisions (for example, regulation-empowering provisions, requirements for land transport rules)

In addition, other Parts have been added to the Land Transport Act by subsequent amendments to it, such as provisions relating to transport services licensing, work time and logbooks, and motor vehicle registration and licensing.