This section provides information on the transport sector’s progress against the four long-term outcomes for transport, using a series of headline indicators to demonstrate the progress that is occurring. It also includes the actions the Ministry took towards these outcomes.

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Long-term outcome: Effective – moves people and freight where they need to go in a timely manner

This outcome captures the core function of the transport system which connects New Zealand, domestically and internationally. It links employees, employers, and businesses together, and enables people to access services and make social connections. Transport is a critical part of the supply chain that delivers goods to domestic and international markets, and meets the travel needs of international tourists.

Ministry actions over 2012/13 that contributed to this outcome included:

  • providing advice on Auckland’s transport needs

  • continuing to develop the Freight Information

  • Gathering System

  • providing advice on the proposed Clifford Bay

  • ferry terminal

  • beginning the development of freight scenarios and updating the National Freight Demands Study.

Headline indicator 1: Decreasing network congestion in the five largest metropolitan areas

Figure 1 shows minor increases and decreases in network congestion across our five main centres. We expect that recently completed, and further planned, roading projects will play a significant role in managing congestion through to 2021.

Figure 1 – A.M. peak congestion – minutes delay per kilometre

A.M peak congestion - minutes delay per kilometre

Headline indicator 2: Increased freight movements

Figure 2 show the improvements in effectiveness and efficiency of freight handling at our ports. Our ports are loading and discharging more containers, more quickly.

Figure 2 – New Zealand trends in container handling

Increased freight movements

Long-term outcome: Efficient – delivers the right infrastructure and services to the right level at the best cost

Better transport infrastructure and services can lower costs and increase accessibility for people and businesses by expanding markets and improving access to suppliers. Good management of the transport regulatory settings supports the functioning of the transport system, ensuring that the system delivers value for money by providing the right level of infrastructure and services, while achieving the best cost.

Ministry actions over 2012/13 that contributed to this outcome included:

  • completion of amendments to the road user charges (RUC) system

  • funding reviews of the Civil Aviation Authority and Maritime NZ

  • reviewing the development programmes for rules and regulations

  • reviewing and amending Vehicle Licensing Regulations.

Headline indicator 1: Growth in revenue (in real terms) remaining stable in relation to growth in traffic volume

Figures 3 and 4 show the real revenue levels from fuel excise duty and RUC, compared to vehicle kilometres travelled. Light/medium vehicle revenue is decreasing against the traffic growth. The growth in the level of heavy vehicle revenue is broadly in line with the growth in heavy vehicle travel. The Ministry is closely watching these changes, in order to see if they are an anomaly or a long-term trend.

Revenue is adjusted using the construction price index. The graphs below show comparable spending power, not nominal revenue.

Figure 3 – Growth in real fuel excise and light/medium RUC revenue relative to traffic growth

Growth in real fuel excise and light/medium RUC revenue relative to traffic grow

Figure 4 – Growth in real heavy RUC revenue relative to freight growth

Growth in real heavy RUC revenue relative to freight growth

Long-term outcome: Safe and responsible – reduces the harms from transport

It is our aim to achieve a safe and responsible transport system. The operation of the transport system gives rise to social costs, including road crashes, greenhouse gas emissions, and other environmental and public health impacts. It is important to ensure that these issues are mitigated in cost-effective ways.

Ministry actions over 2012/13 that contributed to this outcome included:

  • continuing the implementation of the Safer Journeys Action Plan 2011-12, including:
    • introduction of the alcohol interlocks programme
    • zero alcohol for high-risk drivers
    • driver licensing changes
    • red light camera policy

  • developing and releasing a new Safer Journeys Action Plan 2013-15.

Headline indicator 1: Fewer road deaths

Figure 5 shows that road deaths in New Zealand are still trending downwards, despite a slight rise from our record year in 2011/12. As we continue with our Safer Journeys work, we expect to see the number of deaths on our roads continue to decrease.

Figure 5 – Road deaths per 100 million vehicle kilometres travelled

Road deaths per 100 million vehicle kilometres travelledHeadline indicator 2: Reducing levels of greenhouse gases emitted by the transport sector

Road transport accounts for 90% of New Zealand transport greenhouse gas emissions. Figure 6 shows that between 1990 and 2006, road transport carbon emissions increased by over 60%. Since 2006, the rate of increase has stabilised.

Data for 2012 is not yet available. The Ministry will publish this information on its website when it is available in late 2013.

Figure 6 – Carbon emissions from road transport 1990-2011 (tonnes 000)

Carbon emissions from road transport 1990-2011(tonnes 000)Long-term outcome: Resilient – meets future needs and endures shocks

Investment in transport infrastructure is a long-term activity, and all new investment must not only address current needs, but also future needs. We must have confidence that our transport system can be resilient to expected and unexpected dangers. The system must be flexible in order to quickly respond to new events, for example, security requirements imposed on us, or shocks in the form of natural disasters.

The Ministry is working with the transport sector to develop an understanding of what resilience means for transport, and to enable this understanding to be used by the transport sector.

Ministry actions over 2012/13 that contribute to this
outcome included:

  • ‘lessons learned’ reporting on the MV Rena grounding and the Canterbury earthquakes

  • the review of the Aviation Security Service

  • commencing the development of resilience work

  • emergency response exercises.

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