Intelligent transport systems apply information, data processing, communication, and sensor technologies to vehicles (including cars, trucks, trains, aircraft and ships), transport infrastructure and transport users to increase the effectiveness, environmental performance, safety, resilience and efficiency of the transport system.
There are currently three key high-level government documents concerning ITS:
- The Intelligent Transport Systems Technology Action Plan, outlines the strategic context, the Government’s commitment, its thinking on its role and approach, and a programme of actions to encourage and enable the deployment of ITS in New Zealand. The Plan also gives examples of ITS systems and technologies.
- For land transport and ITS in New Zealand, the Position Statement on Intelligent Transport Systems - responding to the opportunities (PDF, 609KB) (external link) was released in 2014 by the NZ Transport Agency (external link) . It outlines the agency’s views on intelligent transport systems, the opportunities they offer and how the agency sees its role in making intelligent transport systems an integral part of New Zealand’stransport system.
- For Aviation and ITS in New Zealand, the New Southern Sky web site (external link) and the June 2014 National Airspace and Air Navigation Plan outline what is planned for air traffic management infrastructure in New Zealand.
New Zealand already has many examples of ITS in operation. For example, real-time systems to tell public transport users when their bus or train can be expected to arrive; variable message signs and ramp signalling on motorways; parking and blind spot warning systems in cars; and systems to help aircraft follow safe routes to and from airports.
As computer technology becomes both cheaper and more powerful, more ITS technologies will be deployed in New Zealand over time. It is important the Government is prepared for these technologies, so we are future-proofing regulation to ensure New Zealand doesn’t miss out on the benefits ITS can provide. Examples of where this may be important in the future include autonomous car, truck and aircraft technologies.